The Memorial sits on the westen edge of the Tidal Basin along the axis linking the Jefferson and Lincoln Memorials. It consists of the three main elements. First, symbolic Mountain of Despair, a massive boulder with a passageway carved right through it, forms the main gate to the Memorial. The centerpiece of the Memorial, a Stone of Hope, rises a few feet beyond that gate, with a monumental relief of Martin Luther King carved as emerging from the far side of the granite mass. On both sides, a two-winged inscription wall shows excerpts from King’s sermons and speeches.
I wasn’t sure if I’d like the memorial. From the pictures I saw MLK’s depiction seemed rather cold, his posture distant and his his face stern, even angry. The monumental proportions of the statue combined with its rigid pose gave it a distinct air of social realism – a feeling hard to shake given that the memorial is the work of Lei Yixin, a Chinese sculptor known for producing the likenesses of Mao Zedong and such. I certainly wasn’t the only one making this association and many critical voices were raised condemning the choice of the sculptor (did we have to outsource even MLK Memorial to China?) and the treatment of the subject matter. I don’t know the details of all the decisions surrounding the Memorial. And artistic tastes are personal. But certainly from a historic, symbolic perspective it seems like a bizarre choice. As Washington Post’s Courtland Milloy put it, “surely, having a black sculptor of a black civil rights icon – working on ground once toiled by black slaves, on the National Mall, designed and surveyed with the help of a black mathematician and astronomer Benjamin Banneker – would have added to the King memorial’s symbolic power.”
That said, I liked the memorial more than I thought I would. When you get closer, MLK’s visage looks less menacing and more thoughtful, and thankfully he’s not wearing a Mao suit. But aesthetics aside, what really makes the Memorial work – at least on the day like today – are the people who come to visit. You can see it in the eyes of the older ones in particular: they remember King’s life and struggles first hand and look at the Memorial with pride. Many nod their heads as they read King’s quotes from the inscription wall, saying that those words are still as relevant today as in the 1960s. Watching kids – of all colors – curious about the Memorial is equally heartwarming, part of the dream in fact. The best part? Hearing a Latino father explain who King was and what the civil rights movement was about to his two adorable children in Spanish. E pluribus unum.
“We must come to see that the end we seek is a society at peace with itself, a society that can live with its conscience.” – Martin Luther King, Jr.